Liquid-Ring Vacuum Pump

A liquid band vacuum pump is simple to operate and is utilized in several applications across various industries. A liquid ring pump works with a sealant necessary in its operation. This liquid can be water, oil or any additional solvent which can be rotated by an impeller within the casing of the pump.

As the shaft turns, a liquid ring is established by the centrifugal force generated by the rotating impeller. This force holds the liquid band against the inner wall of the pumping chamber. Since the impeller is situated eccentric to the pumping chamber, the depth of entry of the blades into the liquid ring reduces and improves as the impeller rotates. This creates increasing cell Liquid-Ring Vacuum Pump quantity on the inlet slot side, creating vacuum.

On the discharge port side, the impeller cell volume decreases as the blades move further in to the liquid ring. This increases the pressure until discharge occurs through the discharge port.

A continuing flow of new sealing liquid is supplied to the pump via the sealing-liquid inlet.

Regarding the two-stage liquid ring pump, the discharge from the 1st stage does not discharge to atmosphere. Rather, the initial stage discharges through the manifold leading to the second stage along with through a discharge port positioned in the intermediate plate between your first- and second-stage impellers.